Twelve Precise Parallels Between DPTSD From Adult Life and DPSTD From Infancy

The original trauma is experienced by the infant as being a life-threatening event, because indeed, to all mammalian species, separation from mother to a baby means death. In every aspect this is the same PTSD disorder. The only apparent difference is that the shift to the earlier trauma involves a shift to the earlier mind/brain/reality/feelings/behavior/ chemistry/physiology/body movements/level of affective expression and anatomic sites in the brain that were active and developing at the precise time of the original trauma during infancy. The shift to earlier mind/brain/reality gives the appearance of this being a totally different disorder, but in actuality it is exactly the same and meets full DSM criteria for delayed PTSD.

Similarities between PTSD from adult life and delayed PTSD from infancy include:

1. The original symptom-defining trauma for both is an overwhelming event. To the adult combat veteran it might be terrifying experiences of carnage and death, usually associated with sudden sharp, loud noises. To the infant it is anything the infant might experience as a threat of separation from the mother. These sometimes subtle traumas are not recognized as being upsetting to a baby, and might include taking a brief vacation and leaving the baby for a few days with someone who is totally trustworthy, caring and reliable. The problem is, the baby doesn’t know that, and the baby might be terrified of abandonment and death, a fear that goes back thousands of years with all mammalian species. Other infant separation traumas include moving to a new house and the mother busying herself making the new place look like home, or a tragedy happening to an older child, taking away the mother’s attention, or the father doing something foolish that upsets the mother and emotionally produces a separation trauma to the baby.

2. The initial symptom-precipitating trauma, years or decades later, matches or resembles the original symptom-defining trauma in some way. Most often it is a loud noise that precipitates the initial flashback in the veteran – or it can be any other element of war. In the infant it is a separation from some other “most important person” years of decades later that precipitates the initial step back in time.

3. The symptom-precipitating trauma triggers a survival mechanism for both, which applies to all species, at all ages, and in general enhances survival more often than not. Otherwise it would not be built in as an adaptive measure for survival.

4. The survival mechanism can be mal-adaptive, in both war trauma and in schizophrenia.

5. In both, the person returns partially to the entire earlier gestalt, i.e., the earlier mind/ brain/reality/feelings/behavior/chemistry/physiology/body movements and anatomic sites in the brain that were active and developing at the precise time of the original trauma.

6. The negative symptoms are the same for both (these result from the enormous process of repression, beginning at the time of the original trauma, which forces unpleasant thoughts, events and feelings out of the conscious mind.

7. The positive symptoms are the same. These are represented by wild chaotic behaviors associated with thoughts, feelings, memories and actions connected with the original traumas – whether these overwhelming thoughts and feelings occurred during infancy or from terror associated with trauma of adult life.

8. The precursors of delayed PTSD are the same, whether caused by terrifying experiences from infancy or from adult life.

9. The defensive wall is the same (a massive shield of repression stemming from the original traumatic event).

10. Precursors and negative symptoms in both are attempts to suppress or repress the painful experience of the original trauma.

11. The one-directional correlation is the same. The war didn’t start because twenty years later someone had a flashback, and the infant trauma did not occur because years or decades later someone developed schizophrenia, or because someone developed neurobiological change.

12. The age of origin of schizophrenia can be determined clinically because the symptoms of the patient match the feelings/behavior/reality of the infant when the original trauma occurred, and the age when the war trauma occurred can be determined clinically too-because the symptoms match trauma from war, and we know how old the veteran was when he experienced the trauma of war.

Thus we have twelve precise parallels between delayed PTSD from infancy and delayed PTSD from adult life. These are so precise that schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder and the other psychotic and non-psychotic depressions actually meet all DSM criteria for delayed Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

In addition to adding to the understanding of the disorder, this takes away the stigma of being labeled schizophrenic, bipolar, etc.

Dr Clancy McKenzie is a widely acclaimed authority on the understanding of origins, mechanisms and treatment of schizophrenia. He graduated from the University of Michigan School of Medicine in 1962, and then focused his attention on the study of the human mind. Dr. McKenzie has studied the relationship between trauma and Schizophrenia. Through the years he has dedicated himself to the evaluation, analysis and treatment of trauma and its immediate and long-range effects on behavior and mental health. Learn More: hire Reno strippers

Jepara As the Heart of Indonesian Furniture Industry

Indonesia is globally known as the producer of high quality wooden furniture. The high quality at affordable price is the main hallmark of furniture furniture jepara  products produced from this country.

The mapping of this industry in Indonesia is interesting to be discussed here since there should be an answer regarding to the center of furniture industry from this country.

The industry clusters are spread around Indonesia. Jepara, Bali, Surakarta and many other clusters shape the sovereign industry. However, the most considerable cluster of this kind of industry is Jepara. The question is why this cluster is very strong in this industry.

Raw Material Supply

Raw material for this industry is certainly timber. As this cluster is located in Java, the supply of wood is not considered of significant problem. The availability of timber is supplied by PT. Perhutani (state -owned enterprise specializing in ruling the supply of government’s plantation) and people’s plantation. The main timbers supplied by these entities are mahogany and teak wood. Many researches prove that wood, especially teak, is the best teak wood in Indonesia. However, the best wood is supplied by PT Perhutani which only cut down the tree if and if only the tree is old enough.

Craftsmanship

Craftsmanship is certainly factor which makes Jepara to become very strong cluster in producing wooden furniture. In fact, this town has much less wood supply than its surroundings. Blora, Pati, Ngawi, Bojonegoro are towns whose wood are recognized with its quality. However, those towns are not recognized as furniture producers. The timber produced from these towns is supplied to Jepara to be transformed into furniture products. This means that craftsmanship possessed by this town creates a value added to the whole of this industry.

Overview of Online Food Ordering Business

Enabling customers with online menu system with list of cuisines offered by one or more restaurants, is the key objective of online food ordering websites. Online food ordering is very advantageous compared to traditional dine-in at restaurants. With latest technology improvements and increase in Internet users, online food ordering industry posted more sales in the recent years. It is very difficult for restaurants to manage orders manually. Online Ordering system can help restaurants to reduce man power for restaurants and help in effective order management for take-away and home delivery.

How Online Food Ordering Works

When the visitors landed on the food ordering application or websites, list of cuisines will be provided and they can order with just a click from anywhere. Some websites allow users to add special instructions before confirming the order. Once the payment has been confirmed, your order will be delivered to the address provided. Both take away and home delivery options are available.

Advantages

1. Consumers can order food anywhere anytime provided the address is within the delivery circle.

2. Compared to dining in at the restaurant, consumers don’t need to worry about the seat availability and current traffic status.

3. More discounts and food coupons are available for regular customers.

4. Variety of payment options available and it helps to pay with Credit/Debit Cards or Internet Banking.

5. Compared to traditional menu booklets, viewing menus online enables better selection of dishes and enhances overall consumer experience.

6. If you are having a busy schedule on the day which gives only limited time for lunch, online food ordering will be very much advantageous compared to traditional dine-in at restaurants.

7. For restaurants, less man power is needed and this type of food ordering reduces the communication errors between the customers and the waiter.

8. Menus can be managed easily which eliminates the printing cost of menus, if the food prices are changed.

9. You don’t need a computer to order your favorite food. You can order from any devices with good internet connection.

Disadvantages

1. In take away orders, possible loss for restaurant may occur if the customer didn’t arrive at the restaurant for pick-up.

2. Having similar dishes at home and restaurant can make a real difference. However for business meetings, dining in at the restaurants will be preferable.

3. Needs phone verification for proceeding into order confirmation eliminating losses due to fake orders.

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